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/r/Bitcoin FAQ - Newcomers please read

Welcome to the /Bitcoin Sticky FAQ

You've probably been hearing a lot about Bitcoin recently and are wondering what's the big deal? Most of your questions should be answered by the resources below but if you have additional questions feel free to ask them in the comments.
The following videos are a good starting point for understanding how bitcoin works and a little about its long term potential:
For some more great introductory videos check out Andreas Antonopoulos's YouTube playlists, he is probably the best bitcoin educator out there today. Also have to give mention to James D'Angelo's Bitcoin 101 Blackboard series. Lots of additional video resources can be found at the videos wiki page or /BitcoinTV.
Key properties of bitcoin
Some excellent writing on Bitcoin's value proposition and future can be found here. Bitcoin statistics can be found here, here and here. Developer resources can be found here and here. Peer-reviewed research papers can be found here. The number of times Bitcoin was declared dead by the media can be found here. Scaling resources here, and of course the whitepaper that started it all.

Where can I buy bitcoins?

BuyBitcoinWorldwide.com and Howtobuybitcoin.io are helpful sites for beginners. You can buy or sell any amount of bitcoin and there are several easy methods to purchase bitcoin with cash, credit card or bank transfer. Some of the more popular resources are below, also, check out the bitcoinity exchange resources for a larger list of options for purchases.
Bank Transfer Credit / Debit card Cash
Coinbase Coinbase LocalBitcoins
Gemini Bitstamp LibertyX
GDAX Bitit Mycelium LocalTrader
Bitstamp Cex.io BitQuick
Kraken CoinMama WallofCoins
Xapo BitcoinOTC
Cex.io
itBit
Bitit
Bitsquare
Here is a listing of local ATMs. If you would like your paycheck automatically converted to bitcoin use Cashila or Bitwage.
Note: Bitcoins are valued at whatever market price people are willing to pay for them in balancing act of supply vs demand. Unlike traditional markets, bitcoin markets operate 24 hours per day, 365 days per year. Preev is a useful site that that shows how much various denominations of bitcoin are worth in different currencies. Alternatively you can just Google "1 bitcoin in (your local currency)".

Securing your bitcoins

With bitcoin you can "Be your own bank" and personally secure your bitcoins OR you can use third party companies aka "Bitcoin banks" which will hold the bitcoins for you.
Android iOs Desktop
Mycelium BreadWallet Electrum
CoPay AirBitz Armory
Another interesting use case for physical storage/transfer is the Opendime. Opendime is a small USB stick that allows you to spend Bitcoin by physically passing it along so it's anonymous and tangible like cash.
Note: For increased security, use Two Factor Authentication (2FA) everywhere it is offered, including email!
2FA requires a second confirmation code to access your account, usually from a text message or app, making it much harder for thieves to gain access. Google Authenticator and Authy are the two most popular 2FA services, download links are below. Make sure you create backups of your 2FA codes.
Google Auth Authy
Android Android
iOS iOS

Where can I spend bitcoins?

A more comprehensive list can be found at the Trade FAQ but some more commons ones are below.
Store Product
Gyft Gift cards for hundreds of retailers including Amazon, Target, Walmart, Starbucks, Whole Foods, CVS, Lowes, Home Depot, iTunes, Best Buy, Sears, Kohls, eBay, GameStop, etc.
Steam, HumbleBundle, Games Planet, itch.io, g2g and kinguin For when you need to get your game on
Microsoft Xbox games, phone apps and software
Spendabit, The Bitcoin Shop, Overstock, DuoSearch, The Bitcoin Directory and BazaarBay Retail shopping with millions of results
ShakePay Generate one time use Visa cards in seconds
NewEgg and Dell For all your electronics needs
Cashila, Bitwa.la, Coinbills, Piixpay, Bitbill.eu, Bylls, Coins.ph, Bitrefill, Pey.de, LivingRoomofSatoshi, Hyphen.to, Coinsfer, GetPaidinBitcoin, Coins.co.th, More #1, #2 Bill payment
Foodler, Menufy, Takeaway, Thuisbezorgd NL, Pizza For Coins Takeout delivered to your door!
Expedia, Cheapair, Lot, Destinia, BTCTrip, Abitsky, SkyTours, Fluege the Travel category on Gyft and 9flats For when you need to get away
BoltVM, BitHost VPS service
Cryptostorm, Mullvad, and PIA VPN services
Namecheap, Porkbun For new domain name registration
Stampnik and GetUSPS Discounted USPS Priority, Express, First-Class mail postage
Reddit Gold Premium membership which can be gifted to others
Coinmap, 99Bitcoins and AirBitz are helpful to find local businesses accepting bitcoins. A good resource for UK residents is at wheretospendbitcoins.co.uk.
There are also lots of charities which accept bitcoin donations, such as Wikipedia, Red Cross, Amnesty International, United Way, ACLU and the EFF. You can find a longer list here.

Merchant Resources

There are several benefits to accepting bitcoin as a payment option if you are a merchant;
If you are interested in accepting bitcoin as a payment method, there are several options available;

Can I mine bitcoin?

Mining bitcoins can be a fun learning experience, but be aware that you will most likely operate at a loss. Newcomers are often advised to stay away from mining unless they are only interested in it as a hobby similar to folding at home. If you want to learn more about mining you can read more here. Still have mining questions? The crew at /BitcoinMining would be happy to help you out.
If you want to contribute to the bitcoin network by hosting the blockchain and propagating transactions you can run a full node using this setup guide. Bitseed is an easy option for getting set up. You can view the global node distribution here.

Earning bitcoins

Just like any other form of money, you can also earn bitcoins by being paid to do a job.
Site Description
WorkingForBitcoins, Bitwage, XBTfreelancer, Cryptogrind, Bitlancerr, Coinality, Bitgigs, /Jobs4Bitcoins, Rein Project Freelancing
OpenBazaar, Purse.io, Bitify, /Bitmarket, 21 Market Marketplaces
Watchmybit, Streamium.io, OTika.tv, XOtika.tv NSFW, /GirlsGoneBitcoin NSFW Video Streaming
Bitasker, BitforTip, WillPayCoin Tasks
Supload.com, SatoshiBox, JoyStream, File Army File/Image Sharing
CoinAd, A-ads, Coinzilla.io Advertising
You can also earn bitcoins by participating as a market maker on JoinMarket by allowing users to perform CoinJoin transactions with your bitcoins for a small fee (requires you to already have some bitcoins)

Bitcoin Projects

The following is a short list of ongoing projects that might be worth taking a look at if you are interested in current development in the bitcoin space.
Project Description
Lightning Network, Amiko Pay, and Strawpay Payment channels for network scaling
Blockstream and Drivechain Sidechains
21, Inc. Open source library for the machine payable web
ShapeShift.io Trade between bitcoins and altcoins easily
Open Transactions, Counterparty, Omni, Open Assets, Symbiont and Chain Financial asset platforms
Hivemind and Augur Prediction markets
Mirror Smart contracts
Mediachain Decentralized media library
Tierion and Factom Records & Titles on the blockchain
BitMarkets, DropZone, Beaver and Open Bazaar Decentralized markets
Samourai and Dark Wallet - abandoned Privacy-enhancing wallets
JoinMarket CoinJoin implementation (Increase privacy and/or Earn interest on bitcoin holdings)
Coinffeine and Bitsquare Decentralized bitcoin exchanges
Keybase and Bitrated Identity & Reputation management
Bitmesh and Telehash Mesh networking
JoyStream BitTorrent client with paid seeding
MORPHiS Decentralized, encrypted internet
Storj and Sia Decentralized file storage
Streamium and Faradam Pay in real time for on-demand services
Abra Global P2P money transmitter network
bitSIM PIN secure hardware token between SIM & Phone
Identifi Decentralized address book w/ ratings system
Coinometrics Institutional-level Bitcoin Data & Research
Blocktrail and BitGo Multisig bitcoin API
Bitcore Open source Bitcoin javascript library
Insight Open source blockchain API
Leet Kill your friends and take their money ;)

Bitcoin Units

One Bitcoin is quite large (hundreds of £/$/€) so people often deal in smaller units. The most common subunits are listed below:
Unit Symbol Value Info
millibitcoin mBTC 1,000 per bitcoin SI unit for milli i.e. millilitre (mL) or millimetre (mm)
microbitcoin μBTC 1,000,000 per bitcoin SI unit for micro i.e microlitre (μL) or micrometre (μm)
bit bit 1,000,000 per bitcoin Colloquial "slang" term for microbitcoin
satoshi sat 100,000,000 per bitcoin Smallest unit in bitcoin, named after the inventor
For example, assuming an arbitrary exchange rate of $500 for one Bitcoin, a $10 meal would equal:
For more information check out the Bitcoin units wiki.
Still have questions? Feel free to ask in the comments below or stick around for our weekly Mentor Monday thread. If you decide to post a question in /Bitcoin, please use the search bar to see if it has been answered before, and remember to follow the community rules outlined on the sidebar to receive a better response. The mods are busy helping manage our community so please do not message them unless you notice problems with the functionality of the subreddit. A complete list of bitcoin related subreddits can be found here
Note: This is a community created FAQ. If you notice anything missing from the FAQ or that requires clarification you can edit it here and it will be included in the next revision pending approval.
Welcome to the Bitcoin community and the new decentralized economy!
submitted by BinaryResult to Bitcoin [link] [comments]

/r/Bitcoin FAQ - Newcomers please read

Welcome to the /Bitcoin Sticky FAQ

You've probably been hearing a lot about Bitcoin recently and are wondering what's the big deal? Most of your questions should be answered by the resources below but if you have additional questions feel free to ask them in the comments.
Some great introductions for new users are My first bitcoin, Bitcoin explained and ELI5 Bitcoin. Also, the following videos are a good starting point for understanding how bitcoin works and a little about its long term potential:
Also have to give mention to Lopp.net, the Princeton crypto series and James D'Angelo's Bitcoin 101 Blackboard series. Some excellent writing on Bitcoin's value proposition and future can be found at the Satoshi Nakamoto Institute. Bitcoin statistics can be found here, here and here. Developer resources can be found here, here and here. Peer-reviewed research papers can be found here. Potential upcoming protocol improvements here. Scaling resources here. The number of times Bitcoin was declared dead by the media can be found here (LOL!), and of course Satoshi Nakamoto's whitepaper that started it all! :)
Key properties of bitcoin

Where can I buy bitcoins?

Bitcoin.org, BuyBitcoinWorldwide.com and Howtobuybitcoin.io are helpful sites for beginners. You can buy or sell any amount of bitcoin and there are several easy methods to purchase bitcoin with cash, credit card or bank transfer. Some of the more popular resources are below, also, check out the bitcoinity exchange resources for a larger list of options for purchases.
Bank Transfer Credit / Debit card Cash
Gemini Bitstamp LocalBitcoins
Bitstamp Bitit Mycelium LocalTrader
BitFinex Cex.io LibertyX
Cex.io CoinMama WallofCoins
Xapo Spectrocoin BitcoinOTC
Kraken Luno BitQuick
itBit
HitBTC
Bitit
Bisq (decentralized)
Luno
Spectrocoin
Here is a listing of local ATMs. If you would like your paycheck automatically converted to bitcoin use Bitwage.
Note: Bitcoins are valued at whatever market price people are willing to pay for them in balancing act of supply vs demand. Unlike traditional markets, bitcoin markets operate 24 hours per day, 365 days per year. Preev is a useful site that that shows how much various denominations of bitcoin are worth in different currencies. Alternatively you can just Google "1 bitcoin in (your local currency)".

Securing your bitcoins

With bitcoin you can "Be your own bank" and personally secure your bitcoins OR you can use third party companies aka "Bitcoin banks" which will hold the bitcoins for you.
Android iOs Desktop
Samouari BreadWallet Electrum
Another interesting use case for physical storage/transfer is the Opendime. Opendime is a small USB stick that allows you to spend Bitcoin by physically passing it along so it's anonymous and tangible like cash.
Note: For increased security, use Two Factor Authentication (2FA) everywhere it is offered, including email!
2FA requires a second confirmation code to access your account, usually from a text message or app, making it much harder for thieves to gain access. Google Authenticator and Authy are the two most popular 2FA services, download links are below. Make sure you create backups of your 2FA codes.
Google Auth Authy
Android Android
iOS iOS

Where can I spend bitcoins?

Check out spendabit or bitcoin directory for some good options, some of the more commons ones are listed below.
Store Product
Gyft Gift cards for hundreds of retailers including Amazon, Target, Walmart, Starbucks, Whole Foods, CVS, Lowes, Home Depot, iTunes, Best Buy, Sears, Kohls, eBay, GameStop, etc.
Steam, HumbleBundle, Games Planet, itch.io, g2g and kinguin For when you need to get your game on
Microsoft Xbox games, phone apps and software
Spendabit, Overstock, The Bitcoin Directory and BazaarBay Retail shopping with millions of results
ShakePay Generate one time use Visa cards in seconds
NewEgg and Dell For all your electronics needs
Bitwa.la, Coinbills, Piixpay, Bitbill.eu, Bylls, Coins.ph, Bitrefill, LivingRoomofSatoshi, Hyphen.to, Coinsfer, More #1, #2 Bill payment
Menufy, Takeaway, Thuisbezorgd NL, Pizza For Coins Takeout delivered to your door!
Expedia, Cheapair, Lot, Destinia, BTCTrip, Abitsky, SkyTours, Fluege the Travel category on Gyft and 9flats For when you need to get away
BitHost VPS service
Cryptostorm, Mullvad, and PIA VPN services
Namecheap, Porkbun For new domain name registration
Stampnik Discounted USPS Priority, Express, First-Class mail postage
Reddit Gold Premium membership which can be gifted to others
Coinmap and AirBitz are helpful to find local businesses accepting bitcoins. A good resource for UK residents is at wheretospendbitcoins.co.uk.
There are also lots of charities which accept bitcoin donations, such as Wikipedia, United Way, ACLU and the EFF. You can find a longer list here.

Merchant Resources

There are several benefits to accepting bitcoin as a payment option if you are a merchant;
If you are interested in accepting bitcoin as a payment method, there are several options available;

Can I mine bitcoin?

Mining bitcoins can be a fun learning experience, but be aware that you will most likely operate at a loss. Newcomers are often advised to stay away from mining unless they are only interested in it as a hobby similar to folding at home. If you want to learn more about mining you can read more here. Still have mining questions? The crew at /BitcoinMining would be happy to help you out.
If you want to contribute to the bitcoin network by hosting the blockchain and propagating transactions you can run a full node using this setup guide. Bitseed is an easy option for getting set up. You can view the global node distribution here.

Earning bitcoins

Just like any other form of money, you can also earn bitcoins by being paid to do a job.
Site Description
WorkingForBitcoins, Bitwage, XBTfreelancer, Cryptogrind, Bitlancerr, Coinality, Bitgigs, /Jobs4Bitcoins, Rein Project Freelancing
OpenBazaar, Purse.io, Bitify, /Bitmarket, 21 Market Marketplaces
Streamium.io, XOtika.tv NSFW, /GirlsGoneBitcoin NSFW Video Streaming
Bitasker, BitforTip Tasks
Supload.com, SatoshiBox, JoyStream, File Army File/Image Sharing
CoinAd, A-ads, Coinzilla.io Advertising
You can also earn bitcoins by participating as a market maker on JoinMarket by allowing users to perform CoinJoin transactions with your bitcoins for a small fee (requires you to already have some bitcoins)

Bitcoin Projects

The following is a short list of ongoing projects that might be worth taking a look at if you are interested in current development in the bitcoin space.
Project Description
Lightning Network, Amiko Pay, and Strawpay Payment channels for network scaling
Blockstream, Rootstock and Drivechain Sidechains
21, Inc. Open source library for the machine payable web
ShapeShift.io Trade between bitcoins and altcoins easily
Open Transactions, Counterparty, Omni, Open Assets, Symbiont and Chain Financial asset platforms
Hivemind and Augur Prediction markets
Mediachain Decentralized media library
Tierion and Factom Records & Titles on the blockchain
BitMarkets, DropZone, Beaver and Open Bazaar Decentralized markets
Samourai and Dark Wallet - abandoned Privacy-enhancing wallets
JoinMarket CoinJoin implementation (Increase privacy and/or Earn interest on bitcoin holdings)
Coinffeine and Bisq Decentralized bitcoin exchanges
Keybase and Bitrated Identity & Reputation management
Telehash Mesh networking
JoyStream BitTorrent client with paid seeding
MORPHiS Decentralized, encrypted internet
Storj and Sia Decentralized file storage
Streamium Pay in real time for on-demand services
Abra Global P2P money transmitter network
bitSIM PIN secure hardware token between SIM & Phone
Identifi Decentralized address book w/ ratings system
BitGo Multisig bitcoin API
Bitcore Open source Bitcoin javascript library
Insight Open source blockchain API
Leet Kill your friends and take their money ;)

Bitcoin Units

One Bitcoin is quite large (hundreds of £/$/€) so people often deal in smaller units. The most common subunits are listed below:
Unit Symbol Value Info
millibitcoin mBTC 1,000 per bitcoin SI unit for milli i.e. millilitre (mL) or millimetre (mm)
microbitcoin μBTC 1,000,000 per bitcoin SI unit for micro i.e microlitre (μL) or micrometre (μm)
bit bit 1,000,000 per bitcoin Colloquial "slang" term for microbitcoin
satoshi sat 100,000,000 per bitcoin Smallest unit in bitcoin, named after the inventor
For example, assuming an arbitrary exchange rate of $10000 for one Bitcoin, a $10 meal would equal:
For more information check out the Bitcoin units wiki.
Still have questions? Feel free to ask in the comments below or stick around for our weekly Mentor Monday thread. If you decide to post a question in /Bitcoin, please use the search bar to see if it has been answered before, and remember to follow the community rules outlined on the sidebar to receive a better response. The mods are busy helping manage our community so please do not message them unless you notice problems with the functionality of the subreddit. A complete list of bitcoin related subreddits can be found here
Note: This is a community created FAQ. If you notice anything missing from the FAQ or that requires clarification you can edit it here and it will be included in the next revision pending approval.
Welcome to the Bitcoin community and the new decentralized economy!
submitted by BinaryResult to Bitcoin [link] [comments]

⚡ Lightning Network Megathread ⚡

Last updated 2018-01-29
This post is a collaboration with the Bitcoin community to create a one-stop source for Lightning Network information.
There are still questions in the FAQ that are unanswered, if you know the answer and can provide a source please do so!

⚡What is the Lightning Network? ⚡

Explanations:

Image Explanations:

Specifications / White Papers

Videos

Lightning Network Experts on Reddit

  • starkbot - (Elizabeth Stark - Lightning Labs)
  • roasbeef - (Olaoluwa Osuntokun - Lightning Labs)
  • stile65 - (Alex Akselrod - Lightning Labs)
  • cfromknecht - (Conner Fromknecht - Lightning Labs)
  • RustyReddit - (Rusty Russell - Blockstream)
  • cdecker - (Christian Decker - Blockstream)
  • Dryja - (Tadge Dryja - Digital Currency Initiative)
  • josephpoon - (Joseph Poon)
  • fdrn - (Fabrice Drouin - ACINQ )
  • pmpadiou - (Pierre-Marie Padiou - ACINQ)

Lightning Network Experts on Twitter

  • @starkness - (Elizabeth Stark - Lightning Labs)
  • @roasbeef - (Olaoluwa Osuntokun - Lightning Labs)
  • @stile65 - (Alex Akselrod - Lightning Labs)
  • @bitconner - (Conner Fromknecht - Lightning Labs)
  • @johanth - (Johan Halseth - Lightning Labs)
  • @bvu - (Bryan Vu - Lightning Labs)
  • @rusty_twit - (Rusty Russell - Blockstream)
  • @snyke - (Christian Decker - Blockstream)
  • @JackMallers - (Jack Mallers - Zap)
  • @tdryja - (Tadge Dryja - Digital Currency Initiative)
  • @jcp - (Joseph Poon)
  • @alexbosworth - (Alex Bosworth - yalls.org)

Medium Posts

Learning Resources

Books

Desktop Interfaces

Web Interfaces

Tutorials and resources

Lightning on Testnet

Lightning Wallets

Place a testnet transaction

Altcoin Trading using Lightning

  • ZigZag - Disclaimer You must trust ZigZag to send to Target Address

Lightning on Mainnet

Warning - Testing should be done on Testnet

Atomic Swaps

Developer Documentation and Resources

Lightning implementations

  • LND - Lightning Network Daemon (Golang)
  • eclair - A Scala implementation of the Lightning Network (Scala)
  • c-lightning - A Lightning Network implementation in C
  • lit - Lightning Network node software (Golang)
  • lightning-onion - Onion Routed Micropayments for the Lightning Network (Golang)
  • lightning-integration - Lightning Integration Testing Framework
  • ptarmigan - C++ BOLT-Compliant Lightning Network Implementation [Incomplete]

Libraries

Lightning Network Visualizers/Explorers

Testnet

Mainnet

Payment Processors

  • BTCPay - Next stable version will include Lightning Network

Community

Slack

IRC

Slack Channel

Discord Channel

Miscellaneous

⚡ Lightning FAQs ⚡

If you can answer please PM me and include source if possible. Feel free to help keep these answers up to date and as brief but correct as possible
Is Lightning Bitcoin?
Yes. You pick a peer and after some setup, create a bitcoin transaction to fund the lightning channel; it’ll then take another transaction to close it and release your funds. You and your peer always hold a bitcoin transaction to get your funds whenever you want: just broadcast to the blockchain like normal. In other words, you and your peer create a shared account, and then use Lightning to securely negotiate who gets how much from that shared account, without waiting for the bitcoin blockchain.
Is the Lightning Network open source?
Yes, Lightning is open source. Anyone can review the code (in the same way as the bitcoin code)
Who owns and controls the Lightning Network?
Similar to the bitcoin network, no one will ever own or control the Lightning Network. The code is open source and free for anyone to download and review. Anyone can run a node and be part of the network.
I’ve heard that Lightning transactions are happening “off-chain”…Does that mean that my bitcoin will be removed from the blockchain?
No, your bitcoin will never leave the blockchain. Instead your bitcoin will be held in a multi-signature address as long as your channel stays open. When the channel is closed; the final transaction will be added to the blockchain. “Off-chain” is not a perfect term, but it is used due to the fact that the transfer of ownership is no longer reflected on the blockchain until the channel is closed.
Do I need a constant connection to run a lightning node?
Not necessarily,
Example: A and B have a channel. 1 BTC each. A sends B 0.5 BTC. B sends back 0.25 BTC. Balance should be A = 0.75, B = 1.25. If A gets disconnected, B can publish the first Tx where the balance was A = 0.5 and B = 1.5. If the node B does in fact attempt to cheat by publishing an old state (such as the A=0.5 and B=1.5 state), this cheat can then be detected on-chain and used to steal the cheaters funds, i.e., A can see the closing transaction, notice it's an old one and grab all funds in the channel (A=2, B=0). The time that A has in order to react to the cheating counterparty is given by the CheckLockTimeVerify (CLTV) in the cheating transaction, which is adjustable. So if A foresees that it'll be able to check in about once every 24 hours it'll require that the CLTV is at least that large, if it's once a week then that's fine too. You definitely do not need to be online and watching the chain 24/7, just make sure to check in once in a while before the CLTV expires. Alternatively you can outsource the watch duties, in order to keep the CLTV timeouts low. This can be achieved both with trusted third parties or untrusted ones (watchtowers). In the case of a unilateral close, e.g., you just go offline and never come back, the other endpoint will have to wait for that timeout to expire to get its funds back. So peers might not accept channels with extremely high CLTV timeouts. -- Source
What Are Lightning’s Advantages?
Tiny payments are possible: since fees are proportional to the payment amount, you can pay a fraction of a cent; accounting is even done in thousandths of a satoshi. Payments are settled instantly: the money is sent in the time it takes to cross the network to your destination and back, typically a fraction of a second.
Does Lightning require Segregated Witness?
Yes, but not in theory. You could make a poorer lightning network without it, which has higher risks when establishing channels (you might have to wait a month if things go wrong!), has limited channel lifetime, longer minimum payment expiry times on each hop, is less efficient and has less robust outsourcing. The entire spec as written today assumes segregated witness, as it solves all these problems.
Can I Send Funds From Lightning to a Normal Bitcoin Address?
No, for now. For the first version of the protocol, if you wanted to send a normal bitcoin transaction using your channel, you have to close it, send the funds, then reopen the channel (3 transactions). In future versions, you and your peer would agree to spend out of your lightning channel funds just like a normal bitcoin payment, allowing you to use your lightning wallet like a normal bitcoin wallet.
Can I Make Money Running a Lightning Node?
Not really. Anyone can set up a node, and so it’s a race to the bottom on fees. In practice, we may see the network use a nominal fee and not change very much, which only provides an incremental incentive to route on a node you’re going to use yourself, and not enough to run one merely for fees. Having clients use criteria other than fees (e.g. randomness, diversity) in route selection will also help this.
What is the release date for Lightning on Mainnet?
Lightning is already being tested on the Mainnet Twitter Link but as for a specific date, Jameson Lopp says it best
Would there be any KYC/AML issues with certain nodes?
Nope, because there is no custody ever involved. It's just like forwarding packets. -- Source
What is the delay time for the recipient of a transaction receiving confirmation?
Furthermore, the Lightning Network scales not with the transaction throughput of the underlying blockchain, but with modern data processing and latency limits - payments can be made nearly as quickly as packets can be sent. -- Source
How does the lightning network prevent centralization?
Bitcoin Stack Exchange Answer
What are Channel Factories and how do they work?
Bitcoin Stack Exchange Answer
How does the Lightning network work in simple terms?
Bitcoin Stack Exchange Answer
How are paths found in Lightning Network?
Bitcoin Stack Exchange Answer
How would the lightning network work between exchanges?
Each exchange will get to decide and need to implement the software into their system, but some ideas have been outlined here: Google Doc - Lightning Exchanges
Note that by virtue of the usual benefits of cost-less, instantaneous transactions, lightning will make arbitrage between exchanges much more efficient and thus lead to consistent pricing across exchange that adopt it. -- Source
How do lightning nodes find other lightning nodes?
Stack Exchange Answer
Does every user need to store the state of the complete Lightning Network?
According to Rusty's calculations we should be able to store 1 million nodes in about 100 MB, so that should work even for mobile phones. Beyond that we have some proposals ready to lighten the load on endpoints, but we'll cross that bridge when we get there. -- Source
Would I need to download the complete state every time I open the App and make a payment?
No you'd remember the information from the last time you started the app and only sync the differences. This is not yet implemented, but it shouldn't be too hard to get a preliminary protocol working if that turns out to be a problem. -- Source
What needs to happen for the Lightning Network to be deployed and what can I do as a user to help?
Lightning is based on participants in the network running lightning node software that enables them to interact with other nodes. This does not require being a full bitcoin node, but you will have to run "lnd", "eclair", or one of the other node softwares listed above.
All lightning wallets have node software integrated into them, because that is necessary to create payment channels and conduct payments on the network, but you can also intentionally run lnd or similar for public benefit - e.g. you can hold open payment channels or channels with higher volume, than you need for your own transactions. You would be compensated in modest fees by those who transact across your node with multi-hop payments. -- Source
Is there anyway for someone who isn't a developer to meaningfully contribute?
Sure, you can help write up educational material. You can learn and read more about the tech at http://dev.lightning.community/resources. You can test the various desktop and mobile apps out there (Lightning Desktop, Zap, Eclair apps). -- Source
Do I need to be a miner to be a Lightning Network node?
No -- Source
Do I need to run a full Bitcoin node to run a lightning node?
lit doesn't depend on having your own full node -- it automatically connects to full nodes on the network. -- Source
LND uses a light client mode, so it doesn't require a full node. The name of the light client it uses is called neutrino
How does the lightning network stop "Cheating" (Someone broadcasting an old transaction)?
Upon opening a channel, the two endpoints first agree on a reserve value, below which the channel balance may not drop. This is to make sure that both endpoints always have some skin in the game as rustyreddit puts it :-)
For a cheat to become worth it, the opponent has to be absolutely sure that you cannot retaliate against him during the timeout. So he has to make sure you never ever get network connectivity during that time. Having someone else also watching for channel closures and notifying you, or releasing a canned retaliation, makes this even harder for the attacker. This is because if he misjudged you being truly offline you can retaliate by grabbing all of its funds. Spotty connections, DDoS, and similar will not provide the attacker the necessary guarantees to make cheating worthwhile. Any form of uncertainty about your online status acts as a deterrent to the other endpoint. -- Source
How many times would someone need to open and close their lightning channels?
You typically want to have more than one channel open at any given time for redundancy's sake. And we imagine open and close will probably be automated for the most part. In fact we already have a feature in LND called autopilot that can automatically open channels for a user.
Frequency will depend whether the funds are needed on-chain or more useful on LN. -- Source
Will the lightning network reduce BTC Liquidity due to "locking-up" funds in channels?
Stack Exchange Answer
Can the Lightning Network work on any other cryptocurrency? How?
Stack Exchange Answer
When setting up a Lightning Network Node are fees set for the entire node, or each channel when opened?
You don't really set up a "node" in the sense that anyone with more than one channel can automatically be a node and route payments. Fees on LN can be set by the node, and can change dynamically on the network. -- Source
Can Lightning routing fees be changed dynamically, without closing channels?
Yes but it has to be implemented in the Lightning software being used. -- Source
How can you make sure that there will be routes with large enough balances to handle transactions?
You won't have to do anything. With autopilot enabled, it'll automatically open and close channels based on the availability of the network. -- Source
How does the Lightning Network stop flooding nodes (DDoS) with micro transactions? Is this even an issue?
Stack Exchange Answer

Unanswered Questions

How do on-chain fees work when opening and closing channels? Who pays the fee?
How does the Lightning Network work for mobile users?
What are the best practices for securing a lightning node?
What is a lightning "hub"?
How does lightning handle cross chain (Atomic) swaps?

Special Thanks and Notes

  • Many links found from awesome-lightning-network github
  • Everyone who submitted a question or concern!
  • I'm continuing to format for an easier Mobile experience!
submitted by codedaway to Bitcoin [link] [comments]

/r/Bitcoin FAQ - Newcomers please read

Welcome to the /Bitcoin Sticky FAQ

You've probably been hearing a lot about Bitcoin recently and are wondering what's the big deal? Most of your questions should be answered by the resources below but if you have additional questions feel free to ask them in the comments.
The following videos are a good starting point for understanding how bitcoin works and a little about its long term potential:
For lots of additional video resources check out the videos wiki page or /BitcoinTV.
Key properties of bitcoin
Some excellent writing on Bitcoin's value proposition and future can be found here. Bitcoin statistics can be found here and here. Developer resources can be found here and here. Peer-reviewed research papers can be found here. The number of times Bitcoin was declared dead by the media can be found here. Scaling resources here, and of course the whitepaper that started it all.

Where can I buy bitcoins?

BuyBitcoinWorldwide.com is a very helpful site for beginners. You can buy or sell any amount of bitcoin and there are several easy methods to purchase bitcoin with cash, credit card or bank transfer. Some of the more popular resources are below, also, check out the bitcoinity exchange resources for a larger list of options for purchases.
Bank Transfer Credit / Debit card Cash
Coinbase Coinbase LocalBitcoins
Gemini Bitstamp LibertyX
GDAX Bitit Mycelium LocalTrader
Bitstamp Cex.io BitQuick
Kraken CoinMama WallofCoins
Xapo BitcoinOTC
Cex.io
itBit
Bitit
Bitsquare
Here is a listing of local ATMs. If you would like your paycheck automatically converted to bitcoin use Cashila or Bitwage.
Note: Bitcoins are valued at whatever market price people are willing to pay for them in balancing act of supply vs demand. Unlike traditional markets, bitcoin markets operate 24 hours per day, 365 days per year. Preev is a useful site that that shows how much various denominations of bitcoin are worth in different currencies. Alternatively you can just Google "1 bitcoin in (your local currency)".

Securing your bitcoins

With bitcoin you can "Be your own bank" and personally secure your bitcoins OR you can use third party companies aka "Bitcoin banks" which will hold the bitcoins for you.
Android iOs Desktop
Mycelium BreadWallet Electrum
CoPay AirBitz Armory
Note: For increased security, use Two Factor Authentication (2FA) everywhere it is offered, including email!
2FA requires a second confirmation code to access your account, usually from a text message or app, making it much harder for thieves to gain access. Google Authenticator and Authy are the two most popular 2FA services, download links are below. Make sure you create backups of your 2FA codes.
Google Auth Authy
Android Android
iOS iOS

Where can I spend bitcoins?

A more comprehensive list can be found at the Trade FAQ but some more commons ones are below.
Store Product
Gyft Gift cards for hundreds of retailers including Amazon, Target, Walmart, Starbucks, Whole Foods, CVS, Lowes, Home Depot, iTunes, Best Buy, Sears, Kohls, eBay, GameStop, etc.
Steam, HumbleBundle, GreenmanGaming, and Coinplay.io For when you need to get your game on
Microsoft Xbox games, phone apps and software
Spendabit, The Bitcoin Shop, Overstock, Rakuten, DuoSearch, The Bitcoin Directory and BazaarBay Retail shopping with millions of results
ShakePay Generate one time use Visa cards in seconds
NewEgg, TigerDirect and Dell For all your electronics needs
Cashila, Bitwa.la, Coinbills, Piixpay, Bitbill.eu, Bylls, Coins.ph, Bitrefill, Pey.de, LivingRoomofSatoshi, Hyphen.to, Coinsfer, GetPaidinBitcoin, Coins.co.th, More #1, #2 Bill payment
Foodler, Takeaway, Thuisbezorgd NL, Pizza For Coins Takeout delivered to your door!
Expedia, Cheapair, Lot, Destinia, BTCTrip, Abitsky, SkyTours, Fluege the Travel category on Gyft and 9flats For when you need to get away
BoltVM, BitHost VPS service
Cryptostorm, Mullvad, and PIA VPN services
Namecheap For new domain name registration
Stampnik and GetUSPS Discounted USPS Priority, Express, First-Class mail postage
Reddit Gold Premium membership which can be gifted to others
Coinmap, 99Bitcoins and AirBitz are helpful to find local businesses accepting bitcoins. A good resource for UK residents is at wheretospendbitcoins.co.uk.
There are also lots of charities which accept bitcoin donations, such as Wikipedia, Red Cross, Amnesty International, United Way, ACLU and the EFF. You can find a longer list here.

Merchant Resources

There are several benefits to accepting bitcoin as a payment option if you are a merchant;
If you are interested in accepting bitcoin as a payment method, there are several options available;

Can I mine bitcoin?

Mining bitcoins can be a fun learning experience, but be aware that you will most likely operate at a loss. Newcomers are often advised to stay away from mining unless they are only interested in it as a hobby similar to folding at home. If you want to learn more about mining you can read more here. Still have mining questions? The crew at /BitcoinMining would be happy to help you out.
If you want to contribute to the bitcoin network by hosting the blockchain and propagating transactions you can run a full node using this setup guide. Bitseed is an easy option for getting set up. You can view the global node distribution here.

Earning bitcoins

Just like any other form of money, you can also earn bitcoins by being paid to do a job.
Site Description
Bitwage, XBTfreelancer, Cryptogrind, Bitlancerr, Coinality, Bitgigs, /Jobs4Bitcoins, Rein Project Freelancing
OpenBazaar, Purse.io, Bitify, /Bitmarket, 21 Market Marketplaces
Watchmybit, Streamium.io, OTika.tv, XOtika.tv NSFW, /GirlsGoneBitcoin NSFW Video Streaming
Bitasker, BitforTip, WillPayCoin Tasks
Supload.com, SatoshiBox, JoyStream, File Army File/Image Sharing
CoinAd, A-ads, Coinzilla.io Advertising
You can also earn bitcoins by participating as a market maker on JoinMarket by allowing users to perform CoinJoin transactions with your bitcoins for a small fee (requires you to already have some bitcoins)

Bitcoin Projects

The following is a short list of ongoing projects that might be worth taking a look at if you are interested in current development in the bitcoin space.
Project Description
Lightning Network, Amiko Pay, and Strawpay Payment channels for network scaling
Blockstream and Drivechain Sidechains
21, Inc. Open source library for the machine payable web
ShapeShift.io Trade between bitcoins and altcoins easily
Open Transactions, Counterparty, Omni, Open Assets, Symbiont and Chain Financial asset platforms
Hivemind and Augur Prediction markets
Mirror Smart contracts
Mediachain Decentralized media library
Tierion and Factom Records & Titles on the blockchain
BitMarkets, DropZone, Beaver and Open Bazaar Decentralized markets
Samourai and Dark Wallet - abandoned Privacy-enhancing wallets
JoinMarket CoinJoin implementation (Increase privacy and/or Earn interest on bitcoin holdings)
Coinffeine and Bitsquare Decentralized bitcoin exchanges
Keybase and Bitrated Identity & Reputation management
Bitmesh and Telehash Mesh networking
JoyStream BitTorrent client with paid seeding
MORPHiS Decentralized, encrypted internet
Storj and Sia Decentralized file storage
Streamium and Faradam Pay in real time for on-demand services
Abra Global P2P money transmitter network
bitSIM PIN secure hardware token between SIM & Phone
Identifi Decentralized address book w/ ratings system
Coinometrics Institutional-level Bitcoin Data & Research
Blocktrail and BitGo Multisig bitcoin API
Bitcore Open source Bitcoin javascript library
Insight Open source blockchain API
Leet Kill your friends and take their money ;)

Bitcoin Units

One Bitcoin is quite large (hundreds of £/$/€) so people often deal in smaller units. The most common subunits are listed below:
Unit Symbol Value Info
millibitcoin mBTC 1,000 per bitcoin SI unit for milli i.e. millilitre (mL) or millimetre (mm)
microbitcoin μBTC 1,000,000 per bitcoin SI unit for micro i.e microlitre (μL) or micrometre (μm)
bit bit 1,000,000 per bitcoin Colloquial "slang" term for microbitcoin
satoshi sat 100,000,000 per bitcoin Smallest unit in bitcoin, named after the inventor
For example, assuming an arbitrary exchange rate of $500 for one Bitcoin, a $10 meal would equal:
For more information check out the Bitcoin units wiki.
Still have questions? Feel free to ask in the comments below or stick around for our weekly Mentor Monday thread. If you decide to post a question in /Bitcoin, please use the search bar to see if it has been answered before, and remember to follow the community rules outlined on the sidebar to receive a better response. The mods are busy helping manage our community so please do not message them unless you notice problems with the functionality of the subreddit. A complete list of bitcoin related subreddits can be found here
Note: This is a community created FAQ. If you notice anything missing from the FAQ or that requires clarification you can edit it here and it will be included in the next revision pending approval.
Welcome to the Bitcoin community and the new decentralized economy!
submitted by BinaryResult to Bitcoin [link] [comments]

Electroneum and Who is Richard Ells? My 1-on-1.

Earlier this week, during the 2018 BCI Summit in New York, I had the pleasure and honor of meeting and speaking with Richard Ells. It is not the same as watching someone on the screen I assure you. After exchanging formalities and introductions I looked into his eyes and I knew: “He's the kind of guy you would just want to do Business with.” And now I will tell you why.
I had several conversations with Mr. Ells throughout the course of The Summit and he did not disappoint, even when asked difficult questions. Richard Ells is a very hard-working individual working 7 days a week and firing on all cylinders. He has dedicated himself to this project and to the Electroneum community, so next time you want to ask the silly question or post a negative comment please think twice. Mr. Ells is working around the clock trying to deliver everything that he said he would (especially and even during the times of extreme pressure).
Here is what I saw in DirectoCEO Richard Ells; who he really is, and why I believe he can and will make Electroneum a successful project. Blockchain, cryptocurrency, and decentralized economies are changing the way humanity interacts with the world. We are talking about a change on a huge scale. Being involved in the crypto space can be overwhelming at times. Although crypto trading can be fun and enjoyable, having a healthy and balanced lifestyle is very important. In today’s dynamic world of information and misinformation it is hard to distinguish what is real and true and what is not. There are over 1600 cryptocurrencies and more are added everyday, so how can one know which if any are going to be here in 5 years? Due diligence alone is no longer going to cut it, you have to go out and meet the people/person behind the project. Only then can you be certain that you have made a sound decision based on your own research. I have been involved in crypto projects for a while; finding the diamonds in the rough is not an easy task. Knowing what we know today, many of you would love to go back in time and get in BTC or ETH when they were just starting.
Electroneum is your most likely opportunity to be part of a project that has as much potential, if not more, as the very best BTC. I just lost half of you there; the half that continue reading will be rewarded. I know it is not enough for me to say Electroneum is one of the most exciting and new projects available today, and during this market correction there is ample opportunity to pick up Electroenum (ETN) at highly discounted rates. So please allow me to explain why I believe Electroneum is THE diamond you are looking for and why Richard Ells is THE Man for the Job.
I have done an extensive research on the project itself but more importantly on the man at the helm – Richard Ells – Director of Electroneum. What separates Mr. Ells from other crypto projects and their teams is important as most people are very skeptical about bitcoin and crypto in general. So what makes him so special? In the world of cryptos you do not have to be the strongest or the fastest: what you need is the ability to take action and execute on your vision with the right amount talent and support, and more importantly passion and motivation. There are few small groups of people that will dispute my finding and question my research, but I assure you that none of them spent any time doing any research, let alone go out and meet one-on-one with Richard Ells. These are the same small disgruntled individuals that spread negative and often false information on the internet about Electroneum and the project itself.
There are millions of companies out there in the world, each and every one of them is run by a group of individuals, CEOs, and Board of Directors. What makes Richard an excellent Director is that he is a calculated risk taker who takes action, ready to dive deep into the future of uncertainty. The cryptosphere certainly has its fair share of fear, uncertainty, and doubt (FUD). But not all risk takers are successful entrepreneurs. Richard Ells is a successful business owner willing to risk his name, time and money on the unknowns. I learned he also keeps resources and he plans ahead, keeping plenty of reserves for dealing with the unforeseen. Let me be perfectly clear: Richard Ells has already taken measures so that Electroneum is fully prepared for the regulatory changing landscape in the event major changes should occur.
When evaluating risk, a successful person like Richard Ells will ask if the risk is worth the cost of his career, his name, time, family and money. His intense focus on and faith in the Electroneum project may be misconstrued as stubbornness. I can tell you he is 100% dedicated and committed to the success of Electroenum, often working 7 days a week clocking nearly 100 hours, to the point where his eyes are so red and puffy that he can no longer see (I’m not making this up, this is literally how hard the gentleman works).
One might ask how can I be so sure that Richard Ells and Electroneum will succeed, well the honest answer is it’s impossible to know. If we knew all the answers to the future we would not be here right now. Analyzing and understanding the potential of a project in the crypto world can be both tricky and frustrating. There are no quick and dirty methods of analysis that can forecast or spell out the future of Electroneum. There are however some parameters that can help you understand where the project is most likely to go and how to gauge if the coin is a good potential investment. Some understanding of the crypto market is always better than no understanding which is unfortunately often the case in today’s world. The media have been painting a negative picture all around bitcoin and most other crypto projects, so how can you tell if this is the one? Mass Adoption, Patent Pending - Instant Cryptocurrency Payments - and Micro Subscription Payments are just a few reasons why Electroneum is THE coin that may turn this market upside down flip the script on this space, paving the way for mass adoption.
Richard Ells has the business plan, the backbone of any serious company, and he has the auxiliary plan and contingencies in place in order to prevent the unthinkable. This plan is about building a business from scratch while managing limited resources including time, money and personal relationships. Trying to plan for everything and having a ready solution in place for all possible issues and scenarios is not possible. Electroneum had experienced some hiccups along the way, and every time it has risen like a phoenix and pushed forward. Electroneum will continue to push forward, paving the way and becoming successful because Richard Ells is NOT going after the 1% that are in crypto today; he is going after the 99% who are not involved at all.
The road to Mass Adoption will not be an easy journey and it will not be a parabolic shot to the moon. If you have jumped into the Electroneum with unrealistic expectations because you have watched a few videos, hoping for overnight 1000x returns and instantly becoming a millionaire, then you have not done your due diligence and you can only blame yourself not Richard Ells or Electroneum. Predicting cryptocurrency prices is a fool’s errand and there is no algorithm or a computer that can accurately predict anything in the crypto world. Electroneum is no different, it follows certain standards like Bitcoin Standard due to pairing on exchanges. This however will soon change as the framework for new regulation is being explored every day, and we can further expect to see this landscape change as the SEC and other regulatory agencies in the world begin regulating the buying and selling of cryptocurrencies in very real ways.
There are many companies in the world that have been involved in “Instant Payments” but not Crypto Instant Payments. Richard Ells and Electroneum have created something that didn't already exist, patented it globally (their patent covers all cryptocurrencies and even allows Electroneum to do instant payments with other cryptos), and thereby significantly improved an existing product after experiencing frustration with the way it worked. This week at The Summit Electronuem demonstrated the instant payment system in action – it was impressive. In about 2 weeks, on July 1st, Electroneum is opening their vendor application for vendors to start accepting instant Electroneum (ETN) in a live environment. Following this period the general release will commence! Remaining unaware of changing market needs, competitor moves and other external factors can cause even great products to fail. Visa and Mastercard have been hard at work to create a system of Instant Payments and to shorten your time at the terminal (they even stopped asking for your signature).
Electroneum’s Crypto Instant Payment system introduced by Richard Ells at the 2018 BCI Summit in New York “Is a groundbreaking technology in the cryptocurrency industry that bridges the gap between blockchain’s decentralization and the modern world’s fast payment technology.” Mass Adoption will revolutionize the world of crypto use and spending and allow the poor and the unbanked in of the Developing World to enter this ecosystem. “Price Waterhouse Coopers predicts this market to be as large as USD 3 trillion.” There are others that say 20 trillion.
If you are looking to enter the crypto market, there is no better time than now as crypto is still a baby. Large corporations, the general public, governments and investment firms are all watching this space closely and only dipping their toes into this market. Because of Richard Ells’ work ethic, his ability to take action swiftly, his dedicated team, and the massive developments already underway – I believe Electroneum stands to become THE crypto for the people.
I’ll leave you with this as you think about the crypto space:
The lion is the king of the jungle; the king of his domain. The lion is not the tallest, not the largest, not the heaviest, and not the smartest nor the most intelligent animal in the jungle. Yet, the lion is the king of the jungle. What makes all these animals respect the lion so much? He takes action and executes on the way he thinks.
M.
https://preview.redd.it/hqgbpszql2411.jpg?width=960&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=1bb4f62c05bd4407e98302eecfeb92f6069d573e
submitted by M-Systems to Electroneum [link] [comments]

[Part - 9] Large college ebooks/eTextbooks thread for cheap rates [$4 to $25]

  1. Step by Step to College and Career Success, 7th Edition: John N. Gardner &, Betsy O. Barefoot
  2. Statistics for the Behavioral Sciences, 4th Edition: Susan A. Nolan & Thomas Heinzen
  3. Canadian Community As Partner: Theory & Multidisciplinary Practice, 4th Edition: Ardene R. Vollman &, Elizabeth T. Anderson & Judith McFarlane
  4. Discovering Human Sexuality, 4th EDITION: Simon LeVay & Janice Baldwin & John Baldwin
  5. How Things Work: The Physics of Everyday Life, 5th Edition: Louis A. Bloomfield
  6. International Economics, 16th Edition :Robert Carbaugh
  7. Teaching Strategies for Nurse Educators, 3rd Edition: Sandra DeYoung
  8. Effective Group Discussion: Theory and Practice, 15th Edition: Gloria J Galanes & Katherine L. Adams
  9. Understanding and Managing Public Organizations, 5th edition: Hal G. Rainey
  10. Essentials of Business Law, 6th Edition: Jeffrey F. Beatty & Susan S. Samuelson & Patricia Sanchez Abril
  11. Performance Assessment: Showing What Students Know and Can Do: Susan M. Brookhart
  12. Student Study Guide and Solutions Manual for Organic Chemistry, 7th Edition: William H. Brown & Brent L. Iverson &, Eric V. Anslyn &, Christopher S. Foote
  13. The Police in America An Introduction, 9th Edition: Samuel Walker & Charles M Katz
  14. Inequality: A Contemporary Approach to Race, Class, and Gender, 1st Edition: Lisa A. Keister & Darby E. Southgate
  15. Fundamentals of Conservation Biology, 3rd Edition: Malcolm L. Hunter & James P. Gibbs
  16. Literacies, 2nd Edition: Mary Kalantzis & Bill Cope & Eveline Chan & Leanne Dalley-Trim
  17. Inclusion of Exceptional Learners in Canadian Schools, 5th Edition: Nancy L. Hutchinson
  18. Data Mining Techniques: For Marketing, Sales, and Customer Relationship Management, 3rd Edition: Gordon S. Linoff & Michael J. A. Berry
  19. Nutrition for Health and Healthcare, 6th Edition: Linda Kelly DeBruyne & Kathryn Pinna
  20. Foundations of Financial Management, 10th Canadian Edition: Stanley B. Block & Geoffrey A. Hirt & Bartley Danielsen &, Doug Short
  21. Ethics and Law in Dental Hygiene, 3rd Edition: Phyllis L. Beemsterboer
  22. Politics of the Administrative Process; 7th Edition: Donald F. Kettl
  23. Psychology Applied to Modern Life Adjustment in the 21st Century, 12th Edition: Wayne Weiten & Dana S. Dunn & Elizabeth Yost Hammer
  24. Experimental Design and Data Analysis for Biologists, 1st Edition: Gerry P. Quinn & Michael J. Keough
  25. Ecgs Made Easy, 5th Edition: Barbara J Aehlert
  26. Administrative Law: Bureaucracy in a Democracy, 6th edition : Dr. Daniel E. Hall
  27. How to Lie with Maps, 3rd Edition: Mark Monmonier
  28. Organizational Behavior: A Practical, Problem-Solving Approach, 2nd Edition: Angelo Kinicki & Mel Fugate
  29. Introduction to Algorithms (The MIT Press), 3rd Edition: Thomas H. Cormen & Charles E. Leiserson & Ronald L. Rivest & Clifford Stein
  30. Spirituality, Health, and Wholeness: An Introductory Guide for Health Care Professionals, 1st Edition: Henry Lamberton & Siroj Sorajjakool
  31. Foundations in Microbiology, 10th Edition: Kathleen Park Talaro & Barry Chess Instructor
  32. Computer Forensics and Cyber Crime: An Introduction, 3rd Edition: Marjie T. Britz
  33. Wardlaw's Contemporary Nutrition, 11th Edition: Anne Smith
  34. Manual of I.V. Therapeutics: Evidence-Based Practice for Infusion Therapy, 6th Edition: Lisa Gorski & Lynn Dianne Phillips
  35. Global Health Care: Issues and Policies, 3rd Edition: Carol Holtz
  36. Managerial Accounting, 11th Canadian Edition: Ray H Garrison &, Alan Webb & Theresa Libby
  37. Construction Management JumpStart, 2nd Edition: Barbara J. Jackson
  38. Leddy & Pepper's Professional Nursing, Ninth North American Edition: Lucy Hood
  39. R for Data Science: Import, Tidy, Transform, Visualize, and Model Data, 1st Edition: Hadley Wickham & Garrett Grolemund
  40. The Real World, 6th Edition: Kerry Ferris & Jill Stein
  41. Technical Mathematics with Calculus, 3rd canadian edition: Michael A. Calter & Paul A. Calter & Paul Wraight & Sarah White
  42. Community Health Nursing: A Canadian Perspective, 4th Edition: Lynnette Leeseberg Stamler
  43. Applied Networking Labs: A Hands-On Guide to Networking and Server Management, 2nd Edition: Randall J. Boyle & Jeffrey A. Clements
  44. 120 Content Strategies for English Language Learners: Teaching for Academic Success in Secondary School (Teaching Strategies Series), 2nd Edition: Jodi Reiss
  45. Engineering Vibration, 4th Edition: Daniel J. Inman
  46. The New Nurse Educator: Mastering Academe, 2nd Edition: Deborah Dolan & Deborah Dolan Hunt
  47. Python Machine Learning: Machine Learning and Deep Learning with Python, scikit-learn, and TensorFlow, 2nd Edition: Sebastian Raschka & Vahid Mirjalili
  48. Cambridge National Level 1/2 Certificate in Information Technologies: Brian Gillinder & Sonia Stuart
  49. Childhood in a Global Perspective, 2nd Edition: Karen Wells
  50. Personal Finance (8th Edition) (What's New in Finance), 8th Edition: Arthur J. Keown
  51. Corporate Finance, 10th Edition : Stephen Ross & Randolph W. Westerfield
  52. Cultural Humility Engaging Diverse Identities in Therapy: Joshua N Hook &, Don Davis & Jesse Owen & Cirleen DeBlaere
  53. Law and Society , 2nd Edition : Matthew Lippman
  54. Patient Assessment in Pharmacy Practice, 3rd Edition: Rhonda M. Jones
  55. Accounting: What the Numbers Mean, 11th Edition: David Marshall
  56. Deviant Behavior, 11th Edition: Alex Thio &, Jim D. Taylor & Martin D. Schwartz
  57. WriteDesigner, 2nd Edition: Cheryl E. Ball & Jennifer Sheppard & Kristin L. Arola
  58. Discipline that Restores: Strategies to Create Respect, Cooperation, and Responsibility in the Classroom: Ron Claassen & Roxanne Claassen
  59. Scientific American Biology for a Changing World, 3rd Edition: Michele Shuster &, Janet Vigna & Matthew Tontonoz
  60. The Goal: A Process of Ongoing Improvement, 30th Aniversary edition: Eliyahu M. Goldratt & Jeff Cox
  61. Concepts of Chemical Dependency, 10th Edition: Harold E. Doweiko
  62. A Global History of Architecture, 3rd Edition: Francis D. K. Ching & Mark M. Jarzombek & Vikramaditya Prakash
  63. Biology Now, 2nd Edition : Anne Houtman & Megan Scudellari & Cindy Malone
  64. Statics For Dummies, 1st Edition: James H. Allen
  65. Principles of Development, 5th Edition: Lewis Wolpert &, Cheryll Tickle &, Alfonso Martinez Arias
  66. A Laboratory Manual for Forensic Anthropology, 1st Edition: Angi M. Christensen & Nicholas V. Passalacqua
  67. Introduction to Intelligence Studies, 2nd Edition: Carl J. Jensen III & David H. McElreath & Melissa Graves
  68. Solving Behavior Problems in Autism, 1st Edition: Linda A. Hodgdon
  69. 70-698 Installing and Configuring Windows 10: Microsoft Official Academic Course
  70. Psychiatric & Mental Health Nursing for Canadian Practice, 4th Edition: Wendy Austin
  71. Oracle 12c: SQL, 3rd Edition: Joan Casteel
  72. Business Analytics, 3rd Edition: Jeffrey D. Camm & James J. Cochran & Michael J. Fry & Jeffrey W. Ohlmann & David R. Anderson
  73. Stress Management: A Wellness Approach, 1st Edition: Nanette E Tummers
  74. Fundamentals of Business Organizations for Paralegals, 5th Edition: Deborah E. Bouchoux
  75. Programming Computer Vision with Python: Tools and algorithms for analyzing images, 1st Edition: O'Reilly Media
  76. Principles of Anatomy and Physiology, 15th Edition: Tortora & Derrickson
  77. Marketing Management, 5th Edition: Dawn Iacobucci
  78. A Writer's Reference, 8th Edition: Diana Hacker & Nancy Sommers
  79. Interviewing for Solutions, 4th Edition: Peter De Jong Insoo Kim Berg
  80. Human Behavior and the Social Environment, Macro Level: Groups, Communities, and Organizations, 3rd Edition: Katherine Van Wormer & Fred Besthorn
  81. Engineering Mechanics: Statics, 13th Edition: Russell C. Hibbeler
  82. The West: A New History (Vol. 1), 1st Edition: David A. Bell &, Anthony Grafton
  83. Fundamentals of Physics, 11th Edition, Student Solutions Manual: David Halliday
  84. Behavior Modification: What It Is and How To Do It , 10th Edition: Garry Martin & Joseph J. Pear
  85. Programming with Microsoft Visual Basic 2017, 8th Edition: Diane Zak
  86. Winningham's Critical Thinking Cases in Nursing: Medical-Surgical, Pediatric, Maternity, and Psychiatric, 6th Edition: Mariann M. Harding & Julie S. Snyder
  87. Social Psychology, 14th Edition : Robert A.Baron & Nyla R. Branscombe
  88. Anthropology and Mass Communication: Media and Myth in the New Millennium, 1st Edition: Mark Allen Peterson
  89. Statistical Techniques in Business and Economics, 17th Edition: Douglas A. Lind & William G Marchal & Samuel A. Wathen
  90. Differential Equations and Boundary Value Problems: Computing and Modeling, 5th Edition: C. Henry Edwards & David E. Penney & David T. Calvis
  91. Budgeting for Public Managers, 1st Edition: John W. Swain & B.J. Reed
  92. Economics, 11th Edition: Stephen L Slavin
  93. Essentials of Human Anatomy & Physiology, 11th Edition: Elaine N. Marieb
  94. The Psychology of Exercise: Integrating Theory and Practice, 4th Edition: Curt L. Lox & Kathleen A. Martin Ginis & Steven J. Petruzzello
  95. Stat–Spotting – A Field Guide to Identifying Dubious Data: Joel Best
  96. The Development of Language, 9th Edition: Jean Berko Gleason & Nan Bernstein Ratner
  97. Technical Communication Strategies for Today, 3rd Edition: Richard Johnson-Sheehan
  98. Health Industry Communication: New Media, New Methods, New Message, 2nd Edition: Nancy Hicks & Christina Nicols
  99. International Accounting, 4th Edition: Timothy Doupnik &, Hector Perera
  100. Value-Driven Project Management, 1st edition: Harold Kerzner & Frank P. Saladis
  101. Ethics and Professional Issues in Couple and Family Therapy, 2nd Edition: Megan J. Murphy & Lorna Hecker
  102. The Toyota Way Fieldbook: A Practical Guide for Implementing Toyota's 4Ps, 1st Edition: Jeffrey Liker & David Meier
  103. Career Development and Counseling: Putting Theory and Research to Work, 2nd Edition: Steven D. Brown & Robert W. Lent
  104. Business Communication Essentials, 8th Edition: Courtland L. Bovee &; John V. Thill
  105. Principles of Criminal Procedure: Investigation, 2nd Edition: Wayne LaFave &, Jerold Israel & Nancy King &, Orin Kerr
  106. CompTIA CySA+ Study Guide Exam CS0-001, 1st Edition: Mike Chapple & , David Seidl
  107. College Physics, 11th Edition: Raymond A. Serway &, Chris Vuille
  108. Doing History: Investigating with Children in Elementary and Middle Schools, 5th Edition: Linda S. Levstik & Keith C. Barton
  109. Psychopharmacology Drugs, the Brain, and Behavior, 3rd Edition: Jerrold S. Meyer & Linda F. Quenzer
  110. Physiology of Behavior, 12th Edition: Neil R. Carlson &, Melissa A. Birkett
  111. Personnel Economics in Practice, 3rd Edition: Edward P. Lazear &, Mike Gibbs
  112. Patterns for College Writing: A Rhetorical Reader and Guide, 14th Edition: Laurie G. Kirszner & Stephen R. Mandell
  113. Autism Spectrum Disorders: From Theory to Practice, 2nd Edition: Laura J. Hall
  114. Drugs and Society, 12th Edition: Glen R. Hanson & Peter J. Venturelli & Annette E. Fleckenstein
  115. Statistics, 4th Edition: David Freedman & , Robert Pisani & Roger Purves
  116. High-Acuity Nursing, 6th Edition: Kathleen Dorman Wagner & Melanie Hardin-Pierce
  117. Concentrate Questions and Answers Equity and Trusts: Law Q&A Revision and Study Guide, 2nd Edition: Rosalind Malcolm
  118. Clinical Anesthesia Procedures of the Massachusetts General Hospital, 9th Edition: Richard M. Pino
  119. Health Disparities in the United States, 2nd edition: Donald A. Barr
  120. Edexcel GCSE (9-1) Mathematics: Foundation Student Book (Edexcel GCSE Maths 2015), 1st Edition: Not Applicable
  121. Corrections in the 21st Century, 7th Edition: Frank Schmalleger & John Ortiz Smykla
  122. Electronic Devices. Conventional Current Version, 10th Edition: Thomas L. Floyd
  123. Macroeconomics Brief Edition, 2nd Edition: Campbell R. McConnell & Stanley L. Brue & Sean Masaki Flynn
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Electroneum (ETN) and Who is Richard Ells? My 1-on-1.

Electroneum (ETN) and Who is Richard Ells? My 1-on-1.
Hello Crypto Experts !
I know I am probably going to get flamed by posting this here, but before you call me a name or point a finger at the price of this coin and tell me it is a "s..t coin" please consider the current market conditions and the value of all cryptos including the top 20. I believe in actions and going out into the field yourself, meeting the people behind the projects is the only way to know for sure. What ever the coin or project you support try to meet the team if it is possible, if there is no team or person behind it then you know what sort of coin/project you are dealing with. Ladies and Gents - I hope you find something useful in this write-up. Stay open minded folks ! This coin is 9 months old give it some time, look at all the BTC madness taking place right now.
Few weeks ago, during the 2018 BCI Summit in New York, I had the pleasure and honor of meeting and speaking with Richard Ells President/CEO of Electroneum (ETN). It is not the same as watching someone on the screen I assure you. After exchanging formalities and introductions I looked into his eyes and I knew: “He's the kind of guy you would just want to do Business with.” And now I will tell you why.
I had several conversations with Mr. Ells throughout the course of The Summit and he did not disappoint, even when asked difficult questions. Richard Ells is a very hard-working individual working 7 days a week and firing on all cylinders. He has dedicated himself to this project and to the Electroneum community, so next time you want to ask the silly question or post a negative comment please think twice. Mr. Ells is working around the clock trying to deliver everything that he said he would (especially and even during the times of extreme pressure).
Here is what I saw in DirectoCEO Richard Ells; who he really is, and why I believe he can and will make Electroneum a successful project. Blockchain, cryptocurrency, and decentralized economies are changing the way humanity interacts with the world. We are talking about a change on a huge scale. Being involved in the crypto space can be overwhelming at times. Although crypto trading can be fun and enjoyable, having a healthy and balanced lifestyle is very important. In today’s dynamic world of information and misinformation it is hard to distinguish what is real and true and what is not. There are over 1600 cryptocurrencies and more are added everyday, so how can one know which if any are going to be here in 5 years? Due diligence alone is no longer going to cut it, you have to go out and meet the people/person behind the project. Only then can you be certain that you have made a sound decision based on your own research. I have been involved in crypto projects for a while; finding the diamonds in the rough is not an easy task. Knowing what we know today, many of you would love to go back in time and get in BTC or ETH when they were just starting.
Electroneum is your most likely opportunity to be part of a project that has as much potential, if not more, as the very best BTC. I just lost half of you there; the half that continue reading will be rewarded. I know it is not enough for me to say Electroneum is one of the most exciting and new projects available today, and during this market correction there is ample opportunity to pick up Electroenum (ETN) at highly discounted rates. So please allow me to explain why I believe Electroneum is THE diamond you are looking for and why Richard Ells is THE Man for the Job.
I have done an extensive research on the project itself but more importantly on the man at the helm – Richard Ells – Director of Electroneum. What separates Mr. Ells from other crypto projects and their teams is important as most people are very skeptical about bitcoin and crypto in general. So what makes him so special? In the world of cryptos you do not have to be the strongest or the fastest: what you need is the ability to take action and execute on your vision with the right amount talent and support, and more importantly passion and motivation. There are few small groups of people that will dispute my finding and question my research, but I assure you that none of them spent any time doing any research, let alone go out and meet one-on-one with Richard Ells. These are the same small disgruntled individuals that spread negative and often false information on the internet about Electroneum and the project itself.
There are millions of companies out there in the world, each and every one of them is run by a group of individuals, CEOs, and Board of Directors. What makes Richard an excellent Director is that he is a calculated risk taker who takes action, ready to dive deep into the future of uncertainty. The cryptosphere certainly has its fair share of fear, uncertainty, and doubt (FUD). But not all risk takers are successful entrepreneurs. Richard Ells is a successful business owner willing to risk his name, time and money on the unknowns. I learned he also keeps resources and he plans ahead, keeping plenty of reserves for dealing with the unforeseen. Let me be perfectly clear: Richard Ells has already taken measures so that Electroneum is fully prepared for the regulatory changing landscape in the event major changes should occur.
When evaluating risk, a successful person like Richard Ells will ask if the risk is worth the cost of his career, his name, time, family and money. His intense focus on and faith in the Electroneum project may be misconstrued as stubbornness. I can tell you he is 100% dedicated and committed to the success of Electroenum, often working 7 days a week clocking nearly 100 hours, to the point where his eyes are so red and puffy that he can no longer see (I’m not making this up, this is literally how hard the gentleman works).
One might ask how can I be so sure that Richard Ells and Electroneum will succeed, well the honest answer is it’s impossible to know. If we knew all the answers to the future we would not be here right now. Analyzing and understanding the potential of a project in the crypto world can be both tricky and frustrating. There are no quick and dirty methods of analysis that can forecast or spell out the future of Electroneum. There are however some parameters that can help you understand where the project is most likely to go and how to gauge if the coin is a good potential investment. Some understanding of the crypto market is always better than no understanding which is unfortunately often the case in today’s world. The media have been painting a negative picture all around bitcoin and most other crypto projects, so how can you tell if this is the one? Mass Adoption, Patent Pending - Instant Cryptocurrency Payments - and Micro Subscription Payments are just a few reasons why Electroneum is THE coin that may turn this market upside down flip the script on this space, paving the way for mass adoption.
For those of you who are interested in Instant Payments you can read more details here as it was just released:
https://twitter.com/electroneum/status/1013184289721212929
Richard Ells has the business plan, the backbone of any serious company, and he has the auxiliary plan and contingencies in place in order to prevent the unthinkable. This plan is about building a business from scratch while managing limited resources including time, money and personal relationships. Trying to plan for everything and having a ready solution in place for all possible issues and scenarios is not possible. Electroneum had experienced some hiccups along the way, and every time it has risen like a phoenix and pushed forward. Electroneum will continue to push forward, paving the way and becoming successful because Richard Ells is NOT going after the 1% that are in crypto today; he is going after the 99% who are not involved at all.
The road to Mass Adoption will not be an easy journey and it will not be a parabolic shot to the moon. If you have jumped into the Electroneum with unrealistic expectations because you have watched a few videos, hoping for overnight 1000x returns and instantly becoming a millionaire, then you have not done your due diligence and you can only blame yourself not Richard Ells or Electroneum. Predicting cryptocurrency prices is a fool’s errand and there is no algorithm or a computer that can accurately predict anything in the crypto world. Electroneum is no different, it follows certain standards like Bitcoin Standard due to pairing on exchanges. This however will soon change as the framework for new regulation is being explored every day, and we can further expect to see this landscape change as the SEC and other regulatory agencies in the world begin regulating the buying and selling of cryptocurrencies in very real ways.
There are many companies in the world that have been involved in “Instant Payments” but not Crypto Instant Payments. Richard Ells and Electroneum have created something that didn't already exist, patented it globally (their patent covers all cryptocurrencies and even allows Electroneum to do instant payments with other cryptos), and thereby significantly improved an existing product after experiencing frustration with the way it worked. This week at The Summit Electronuem demonstrated the instant payment system in action – it was impressive. In about 2 weeks, on July 1st, Electroneum is opening their vendor application for vendors to start accepting instant Electroneum (ETN) in a live environment. Following this period the general release will commence! Remaining unaware of changing market needs, competitor moves and other external factors can cause even great products to fail. Visa and Mastercard have been hard at work to create a system of Instant Payments and to shorten your time at the terminal (they even stopped asking for your signature).
Electroneum’s Crypto Instant Payment system introduced by Richard Ells at the 2018 BCI Summit in New York “Is a groundbreaking technology in the cryptocurrency industry that bridges the gap between blockchain’s decentralization and the modern world’s fast payment technology.” Mass Adoption will revolutionize the world of crypto use and spending and allow the poor and the unbanked in of the Developing World to enter this ecosystem. “Price Waterhouse Coopers predicts this market to be as large as USD 3 trillion.” There are others that say 20 trillion.
If you are looking to enter the crypto market, there is no better time than now as crypto is still a baby. Large corporations, the general public, governments and investment firms are all watching this space closely and only dipping their toes into this market. Because of Richard Ells’ work ethic, his ability to take action swiftly, his dedicated team, and the massive developments already underway – I believe Electroneum stands to become THE crypto for the people.
I’ll leave you with this as you think about the crypto space:
The lion is the king of the jungle; the king of his domain. The lion is not the tallest, not the largest, not the heaviest, and not the smartest nor the most intelligent animal in the jungle. Yet, the lion is the king of the jungle. What makes all these animals respect the lion so much? He takes action and executes on the way he thinks.
I know it is a long read and if you got all the way down here then at least you are still open minded as there many in the cryptospace that will just call me a shill or that I was paid. Well no one paid me a damn thing and I have other coins that I intend to talk about in the same manner 0x, DBC, and few others.
Thanks M.
https://preview.redd.it/7qlgzs4c9d711.jpg?width=960&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=ca9abcbfc6a9dba9554514bbaa146df877dc5bce
submitted by M-Systems to CryptoCurrency [link] [comments]

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